Asthma is a long-term disease of the respiratory tract characterized by narrowing and inflammation of the airways.
The result is a feeling of shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.
Other symptoms of asthma are chest pain, coughing, and wheezing.
The respiratory tract of people with asthma tend to be more sensitive than those who do not have it.
That is why when the lungs of people with asthma are irritated, one of the triggers, the respiratory muscles will become stiff and the airways will narrow. Asthma Medications.
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Some of the triggers include cigarette smoke, exposure to chemicals, animal hair, or even cold air.
WHO estimates that around 235 million of the world’s population are asthmatic.
Asthma can attack anyone and cannot be cured. However, proper treatment can control attacks and sufferers can enjoy a quality life.
If you have had asthma since you were a child, the symptoms may disappear during adolescence and reappear in adulthood.
However, asthma symptoms with moderate and severe categories in childhood will tend to persist.
Asthma can appear at any age, it doesn’t always start in childhood.
Asthma is a chronic disease. If not handled properly, effects on quality of life can be found, including:
- Tired easily.
- Psychological problems such as depression.
- Growth disorders in children.
- Refractory asthma, severe asthma even after using maximum therapy.
- Breathing failure.
- Lung damage. Asthma Medications.
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Most people with asthma must have experienced difficulty breathing.
Patients with severe conditions may even experience it more often.
Symptoms of asthma include wheezing (the sound produced by air as it passes through narrowed airways), chest tightness, coughing, and difficulty breathing. Asthma Medications.
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Indeed, asthma symptoms can be caused by many things but can be confirmed as asthma if:
- Frequent relapse.
- Asthma symptoms are more severe in the middle of the night and early in the morning.
- Seems to occur in response to an asthma trigger—such as excessive physical activity or exposure to an allergen (such as animal dander).
- Asthma symptoms that worsen over a short period of time are known as asthma attacks. This can happen suddenly or gradually over several days.
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Symptoms of an asthma attack include:
- Wheezing, coughing, and chest feels like a squeeze is getting heavier and more frequent.
- Eating, talking, and sleeping activities are disturbed by difficulty breathing.
- Heart beat.
- Drowsiness, confusion, fatigue, or dizziness.
- Blue fingers or lips.
If you have been diagnosed with asthma, at the time of an asthma attack this reliever inhaler will not help and the results of the peak respiratory flow test appear to have decreased quite dramatically. Immediately see a doctor for further treatment. Asthma Medications.
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The cause of asthma is not yet known. People with asthma have swollen and sensitive airways.
When exposed to factors that trigger asthma, the airways are more easily narrowed and clogged with mucus. Asthma Medications.
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Here are some things that can trigger and cause asthma:
- Infections, especially those related to the upper respiratory tract such as the flu.
- Animal fur.
- Cigarette smoke, air pollution.
- Medications, eg nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
- Excessive emotions, such as laughing out loud.
- Food allergies, such as peanut allergies.
- Weather, including changes in air temperature, cold air, humidity.
- Humid or dusty indoor conditions.
Once the cause of asthma has been identified, try to avoid it in order to control asthma symptoms. Asthma Medications.
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To confirm the diagnosis of asthma, the doctor will perform a series of examinations.
Starting from the patient interview by asking questions about the symptoms felt, such as when these symptoms appeared and their frequency, whether shortness of breath was accompanied by chest pain, and family medical history. Asthma Medications.
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If the information obtained leads to asthma, the doctor will then perform a physical examination and laboratory tests.
The following are tests that doctors generally perform in the process of diagnosing asthma:
The patient will be asked to take deep breaths and exhale as quickly as possible into the spirometer.
This test is intended to measure lung performance based on the volume of air the patient can exhale in one second and the total amount of air exhaled.
To determine the condition of the respiratory tract, the data obtained will be compared with the average measurement of healthy people your age.
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Your doctor will probably do this test twice; before using the inhaler and after using the inhaler.
If the test results after using the inhaler are better, then it is very likely that the patient does have asthma. Asthma Medications.
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate Test
This test is carried out with the aim of measuring the level of exhaled air.
The doctor will ask you to exhale as quickly as possible into the peak flow meter (PFM).
The results will show how fast you can exhale air from your lungs in one breath.
Doctors can advise patients to buy PFM for home use.
Then you will be asked to take the test every day and record the results and when the test was done.
This will provide accurate data to know when asthma is worsening. Asthma Medications.
Other Asthma Tests
In addition to the two tests above, some of the following tests may be needed to diagnose asthma or help detect other diseases. Asthma Medications.
The tests in question are:
Airway response test
Examination is done to determine the reaction of the airways if exposed to one of the triggers of asthma.
You will be asked to inhale a dry powder (mannitol) which increases in amount as the test progresses.
Then you will exhale into the spirometer to see how high the rate of change in FEV1 and FVC is after being exposed to the trigger.
If it drops drastically, then most likely the patient has asthma. Asthma Medications.
Doctors will perform allergy tests to determine if asthma symptoms are due to an allergy to something. Asthma Medications.
If the doctor suspects that shortness of breath is not a symptom of asthma but a lung infection or nasal cavity abnormality, a CT scan will be performed. Asthma Medications.
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- Galangal the size of the thumb.
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- Nutmeg 1 tbsp / 1 or 3 seeds.
How to make :
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Although asthma cannot be cured, sufferers can lead a quality life if they do the following:
- Recognizing and avoiding asthma triggers.
- Recognizing asthma attacks and appropriate treatment steps.
- Using the medicine given by the doctor regularly.
- Pay attention to the condition of your airway.
If you use your reliever inhaler more often, talk to your doctor. It could be that your treatment plan requires adjustments to the condition. Asthma Medications.
How To Prevent Recurrence Of Asthma Attacks?
Although it cannot be cured, you can prevent this disease from relapse.
Here are some things you can do to prevent asthma flare-ups, including:
- Create an asthma action plan. Each patient with this condition is recommended to determine a treatment plan with the doctor and other health care team. This is called an asthma action plan. The doctor will help determine the type of medication and treatment that suits your condition. Make sure you follow the treatment plan to prevent recurrence of symptoms.
- Avoid the trigger factors. A person will experience an attack of symptoms when exposed to the trigger. Therefore, identify what things can trigger a recurrence of your symptoms. Some of the most common trigger factors are exposure to irritants from cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals in household products to animal dander and pollen. Asthma Medications.
- Routinely check lung function. Routinely checking lung function with a peak flow meter can also be a way to prevent recurrence of attacks. Peak flow meter helps measure the amount of air flow in the patient’s breath so that it will facilitate treatment before symptoms worsen. On the other hand, this tool can also help identify triggers so that sufferers can avoid them.
- Take the medicine as recommended by the doctor. When symptoms of asthma appear, immediately take the medicine recommended by the doctor an dand, stop activities that trigger the recurrence of symptoms. If your symptoms do not improve, don’t hesitate to see a doctor immediately. Do not stop treatment without the doctor’s knowledge even if you feel better. Also, make sure you always carry your asthma medication with you where you go, and that you will always consult a doctor. This will make it easier for the doctor to see the effects of the treatment you are taking. Asthma Medications.
- Flu vaccine. Symptoms can recur, triggered by a prolonged cough due to the flu. So, it never hurts to get the flu vaccine. But make sure you consult with your doctor first. Asthma Medications.
Source : Doctor Zaidul Akbar.