Cholesterol Normal Level
The body actually needs cholesterol in order to function properly.
However, cholesterol levels that are too high can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
For this reason, regular screening is needed to find out whether cholesterol levels are normal or high.
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A study published by The Lancet found that high levels of non-HDL cholesterol were closely associated with an increased risk of heart and stroke.
Vice versa, if non-HDL cholesterol levels decrease, then the risk is small for heart disease and stroke. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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Normal Cholesterol Levels in Adult Age
In 2018, the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC) reported the level of cholesterol in the blood in adults.
The units are in mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) and are based on fasting measurements. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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In general, a normal adult cholesterol level is less than 200 mg per deciliter (mg/dl).
Total cholesterol above 200-239 mg/dl is a high limit.
Meanwhile, LDL cholesterol levels should be less than 100 mg/dL.
Levels of 100 to 129 mg/dL in LDL may put people with heart disease at greater risk. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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The number 130-159 mg/dL is the high limit and 160-189 mg/dL is included in the high category. Above 190 mg/dL is in the very high category.
HDL or good cholesterol levels must also be maintained, which should be above 60 mg/dl.
Check your cholesterol completely which includes levels of HDL, LDL and total cholesterol. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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Know Cholesterol Levels with Routine Control
According to Prof. Barbara Thorand of the German Center for Environmental Health Research in Neuerburg, the longer exposure to bad cholesterol in the blood will determine the higher risk of heart disease and stroke.
Thus, it is important for us to always carry out regular control of cholesterol levels.
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The American Heart Association recommends every adult to have regular cholesterol checks every 4–6 years, starting at age 20.
Along with increasing age, cholesterol levels will tend to increase. Cholesterol Normal Level.
Cholesterol check begins with fasting for 9-12 hours first. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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You are recommended to be screened more regularly if you smoke, have high blood pressure, and low HDL cholesterol levels.
In addition, more routine screening is also recommended if you have a family history of heart disease (father or brother before age 55, mother or sister before age 65). Cholesterol Normal Level.
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It should also be noted that men are at higher risk than women.
However, the risk of suffering from high cholesterol in women can be high when they enter menopause. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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Tips for Maintaining Cholesterol Levels
Implementing a healthy lifestyle is very important to keep cholesterol levels normal. Do some of the tips below:
- Eat Low Cholesterol Foods. Reduce foods that contain saturated fat. Saturated fat is usually found in fried foods, red meat, and full cream dairy products. Reducing saturated fat consumption can reduce LDL cholesterol.
- Choose Foods High in Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Omega-3 fatty acids do not affect LDL cholesterol. On the other hand, omega-3 fatty acids are very beneficial for maintaining heart health and reducing blood pressure. Examples of foods that you can try are salmon, herring, and walnuts.
- Consumption of High-Fiber Foods. Fiber that provides benefits in lowering blood cholesterol levels is soluble fiber. Soluble fiber can be found in foods such as oatmeal, apples, pears, kidney beans.
- Exercise regularly. Regular exercise can be beneficial in increasing HDL levels. Do at least 20-30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise three times a week. Physical activity is also very helpful for weight loss.
- Avoid Smoking and Alcohol. By not smoking and not consuming alcohol, you can increase levels of HDL cholesterol which is good cholesterol for the body.
Start as early as possible a healthy lifestyle so that you feel the benefits in old age, including in preventing high cholesterol. Cholesterol Normal Level.
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