You need to know that there are various types of headaches that can be distinguished from their causes, symptoms, and how to deal with them.
Every type of headache that strikes it makes you uncomfortable.
So, you need to deal with it immediately or if necessary, immediately ask for help from medical personnel so that it can be treated.
Although sometimes some types of headaches are very painful, headaches can be treated with simple painkillers so that they can subside quickly.
However, headaches that appear continuously will definitely interfere with activities.
You also can not be free to do something if the headache does not go away. Headache Medicine.
So, it is important for you to know the types of headaches, their causes, and their treatment.
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Types of Primary Headaches
In general, there are two types of headaches: primary headaches, which are not caused by another condition, and secondary headaches, which are caused by symptoms of something else, such as headaches from an injury or headaches from consuming caffeine.
Here are some types of headaches that you often experience. Headache Medicine.
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One type of primary headache that you may experience is a migraine or one-sided headache.
Migraine is a type of headache characterized by throbbing pain.
One-sided headaches or migraines can occur on the left or right side of the head.
In addition, when a migraine strikes, you may also experience other symptoms, such as:
- Sensory disturbances, such as changes in the visual system.
- Experiencing sensitivity or sensitivity to light, sound, and smell.
- Nausea, which may also be accompanied by vomiting.
There are several triggers for migraines, such as stress, anxiety, sleep disturbances, hormonal changes, skipping meals, dehydration, the effects of some foods and drugs, bright lights, to loud noises.
Migraines can occur repeatedly and can last up to three days.
However, in some cases, migraines can persist for life.
This condition is of course very disturbing and can affect a person’s quality of life.
According to the National Health Service, there are various ways that can be done to treat this type of headache or migraine.
However, each person will probably have a different way of treatment because it adapts to each condition. Headache Medicine.
Here are migraine treatments that you can do:
- Lie down or sleep in a dark room during a migraine.
- Taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as paracetamol, aspirin, and ibuprofen, can help reduce migraine symptoms. Don’t forget to read the instructions for use and the safe dosage on each drug package.
- If migraines do not go away after taking medication and often recur, immediately consult a doctor to get other suitable treatments.
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Headaches Due to Tension
The next most common primary headache is a tension headache.
This type of headache is usually characterized by a gradual onset of pain.
So, the pain is not too severe, but occurs constant on both sides of the head.
Other symptoms that may accompany tension headaches include a feeling of pressure behind the eyes and sensitivity to light and sound.
This type of headache can usually last from 30 minutes to several hours.
In addition, the severity can vary, but does not affect the comfort while on the move.
You can do activities even though your head hurts from tension.
The cause of tension headaches is usually not clear.
However, stress, anxiety, and depression can be triggers for this type of headache.
Other triggers for tension headaches include dehydration, lack of exercise, lack of sleep, poor posture, or skipping meals.
There are several ways you can try to deal with tension headaches, including:
- Try compressing the aching head with a specially shaped ice pack.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers or headache relievers, such as paracetamol, aspirin, and ibuprofen, which can help reduce migraine symptoms. Don’t forget to read the instructions for use and the safe dosage on each medicine package.
- If taking medication doesn’t work for tension headaches, try calling your doctor for other treatments. Avoid taking headache painkillers because they can be addictive or even reduce the effectiveness of the drug, increasing the risk of chronic headaches.
- Try home treatments with essential oils, warm baths, massages, relaxation techniques, or yoga. Headache Medicine.
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Another type of headache that can occur is a cluster headache.
Cluster headaches can cause a painful burning sensation behind the eyes.
This headache can occur repeatedly up to six times in a row.
However, this type of headache is more likely to occur in men than women. Headache Medicine.
Other symptoms that can accompany cluster headaches include:
- Watery eyes and looks red.
- Swollen eyelids.
- Stuffy or runny nose.
- Sensitivity to light and sound.
- Severe brief pain.
- Sweaty face.
This type of cluster headache is usually sudden, without warning, and lasts from 15 minutes to 3 hours.
Cluster headaches can occur up to eight attacks a day.
The cause of cluster headaches is unclear, but they are more likely to occur in smokers.
So you have to avoid smoking if you have this type of headache.
There is no cure for cluster headaches yet but medications, such as sumatriptan, and other treatments, including oxygen therapy, can help reduce the incidence and severity of cluster headache attacks.
These treatments can aim to relieve some of the symptoms, shorten the headache period, and reduce the frequency of the headaches.
Over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, are not recommended for cluster headaches. Headache Medicine.
This is because the medicines are ineffective, the pain starts and ends so quickly that by the time the medicine starts to work, the headache may have gone.
There are several treatment options for cluster headaches that can provide quick relief of symptoms, including oxygen inhalation, intravenous medications, nasal sprays or inhalations, or drops. Headache Medicine.
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Headaches During Activities
This type of headache is generally caused by strenuous physical exercise and can be triggered when a person is doing other activities, such as running, jumping, lifting weights, having sex, coughing or sneezing.
These headaches are usually very brief but sometimes can last up to 2 days.
There are several things that can cause headaches while on the move. Headache Medicine.
For example, low blood sugar levels, too long exposure to the sun, dehydration, tense muscles or not warming up.
To overcome this, you can use painkillers or prevent headaches by eating before activities so that the body produces enough energy, avoiding excessive direct sunlight, drinking enough water, and warming up before doing strenuous activities.
If it doesn’t help, immediately seek help from medical personnel because headaches can be a sign of a serious health problem. Headache Medicine.
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Types of Secondary Headache
Next, there is a secondary type of headache. Anything? Consider the following types and causes.
Headaches due to taking a lot of medicine
Certain medications can cause headaches. You may often experience it when you take too much medication.
This type of headache is the most common type of secondary headache. Headache Medicine.
These headaches are initially a response to painkillers, but can recur some time later.
A person may be more prone to this type of headache if they frequently use over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin and naproxen, which are used more than 15 days a month.
Overuse of these medications will actually cause more headaches, rather than relieve existing headaches. Headache Medicine.
This type of headache can also be triggered by the use of drugs that contain caffeine.
The only treatment for these headaches is to stop taking headache medications.
However, this should be done under the supervision of a doctor. Headache Medicine.
In addition, quoted from the Healthline page, a good way to prevent headaches due to excessive use of drugs is to take daily headache medication. Headache Medicine.
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Sinus headaches are caused by sinusitis or sinus swelling, which is usually caused by an infection or allergy.
Symptoms consist of mild pain, pain around the eyes, cheeks, and forehead.
The pain may worsen with movement or tension and can sometimes radiate to the teeth to the jaw. Headache Medicine.
This type of headache is usually accompanied by thick green or yellow nasal discharge.
Other symptoms include nasal congestion, fever, nausea, and sensitivity to light or sound.
In fact, sinus headaches are rare.
If there are no symptoms of nasal discharge, a headache that is almost similar to this symptom is usually more likely to be included in a headache or migraine.
Sinus headaches are usually treated by loosening the mucus that builds up and causes sinus pressure.
Nasal steroid sprays, OTC decongestants such as phenylephrine (Sudafed PE), or antihistamines such as cetirizine (Zyrtec D Allergy + Congestion) can help with this.
Sinus headaches can also be a symptom of a sinus infection. Headache Medicine.
In this case, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to clear the infection and relieve headaches and other symptoms.
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Headaches Due to Caffeine
Excessive consumption of caffeine or more than 400 milligrams (mg), about 4 cups of coffee can sometimes cause headaches.
If you consume more than 200 mg of caffeine daily for more than 2 weeks, it can cause migraine-like headaches. Headache Medicine.
Usually, this happens within 24 hours of suddenly stopping caffeine.
Other symptoms that may be included in this type of headache include fatigue, difficulty concentrating, worsening mood or irritability, and nausea.
The effects of caffeine vary from person to person, but reducing your intake can reduce your risk of headaches. Headache Medicine.
Limiting caffeine consumption is sometimes recommended for people who suffer from chronic migraines.
In addition, stopping caffeine consumption can also reduce symptoms and prevent headaches. Headache Medicine.
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Headaches due to Menstruation
Headaches are often associated with changes in hormone levels.
In women, migraines are often associated with menstruation because of the natural changes in estrogen levels.
Menstrual headaches develop in the days before or during your period, or sometimes during ovulation. Headache Medicine.
Symptoms are quite similar to migraines, but can last longer.
Hormone-related headaches can also be caused by oral contraceptives, menopause, and pregnancy.
Treatment for menstrual headaches is the same as treatment for migraines. Headache Medicine.
The doctor can advise on possible preventive measures.
Prescribing pain relievers, such as naproxen (Aleve) or frovatripan (Frova) can work to control this pain.
It is estimated that about 60 percent of women with migraines also experience migraines during menstruation, so alternative medicine may play a role in reducing overall headaches each month of menstruation.
For example, doing relaxation techniques, yoga, acupuncture, or eating foods that can prevent migraine headaches.
These are the most common types of headaches, along with their causes, symptoms, and treatment.
Among the 8 types of headaches above, which one do you often experience?
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- 250 ml of water.
How to make :
- Brew all ingredients with hot water.
- Wait till warm.
- Give honey.
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