Nosebleed During Pregnancy
Nosebleeds can happen to anyone, including pregnant women.
Nosebleeds usually occur when the gestational age enters the 2nd trimester.
This condition looks worrying but actually, nosebleeds during pregnancy are normal.
Why is that? Find out the information here.
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Causes of Nosebleed During Pregnancy
Nosebleeds are more prone to occur in pregnant women with colds, sinuses, or allergies.
Other triggers are cold weather that makes the living membranes dry and certain medical conditions, such as hypertension and blood clotting disorders experienced during pregnancy.
In addition, these two conditions trigger nosebleeds during pregnancy.
The blood vessels of pregnant women tend to enlarge.
As a result, the blood supply increases and increases the pressure of the fine blood vessels. Nosebleed During Pregnancy.
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The nasal passages and airways swell, and the blood vessels become more prone to rupture and cause nosebleeds.
High levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the lining of the nose of pregnant women.
This condition makes the mucous membranes swell and softens blocked nasal passages.
As a result, the blood vessels in the nose become compressed and prone to rupture, causing nosebleeds. Nosebleed During Pregnancy.
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Nosebleeds are harmless if they happen once
Nosebleeds during pregnancy are generally harmless to the mother and fetus, especially if they occur only occasionally.
However, pregnant women need to be vigilant if nosebleeds occur more than once and are continuous. Nosebleed During Pregnancy.
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Pregnant women who have nosebleeds are at risk for heavy bleeding after giving birth.
That’s why pregnant women who experience nosebleeds in the 3rd trimester are recommended to give birth by caesarean section.
For that, always check your health to the doctor during pregnancy regularly. Nosebleed During Pregnancy.
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How to Stop Nosebleed During Pregnancy
The first thing to do when a nosebleed occurs is to be calm.
After that, immediately do the following as the first action, namely:
- Sit up straight and keep your head down. Avoid sleeping positions or tilting your head up as this allows blood to drip down the back of your throat instead of stopping blood flow. Pinch the center of the upper nostril with your thumb and forefinger, then hold for 10 minutes. If the nosebleed persists afterward, close your nostrils again for another 10 minutes. The nosebleed will usually stop after 10 – 20 minutes of this attempt. Another way is to compress the nose with ice for some time.
- After the nosebleed stops, avoid some activities that can trigger a relapse. These include blowing your nose too hard, bending over, doing strenuous activities, sleeping on your back, and picking your nose too deep. Also avoid drinking alcohol or hot drinks because they can dilate the blood vessels in the nose.
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Nosebleed During Pregnancy That Needs to be Watched
Although normal, nosebleeds during pregnancy can be a sign of a serious health problem.
Therefore, mothers need to immediately see a doctor if nosebleeds during pregnancy are accompanied by shortness of breath, numbness in the face, dizziness, weakness, loss of consciousness, and severe bleeding.
Mothers also need to be vigilant if the nosebleed occurs after a hard blow to the head and lasts more than 20 minutes. Nosebleed During Pregnancy.
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